What Is Motherboard – Motherboard Components and Motherboard Parts Name

What Is Motherboard

If you are using Desktop Computer, then you will be familiar with Computer Motherboard. But if you do not know about it, then today I will tell you What Is Computer Motherboard?  How does it work, Types of Motherboard and more.
What Is Motherboard
What Is Motherboard
Most people do not pay much attention to Computer Motherboard. But the most important part of any computer is its motherboard and need to understand that all the work of the computer depends on it.
Now let’s see for a detailed information about how PC would Depend on Motherboard.
What is motherboard?
It is a Printed Electronic Circuit Board which is also known as Main Board or System Board. Connects all parts (Power Supply, CPU, PCI, RAM) together.
If we talk about its design, then it is a plastic card on which aluminum and copper layers are climbed. With this, there are millions of small Chip, Ports on the motherboard.
Motherboard’s Parts Name & Components:
The motherboard is made up of thousands of parts, which also includes Processor, RAM and Power Supply. Understand this, except for Hard Disk, Fan and DVD Drive in the CPU, everything is installed in the motherboard itself. Some of the main parts are as follows-
Power Supply: The most important thing for any computer to run is Power because without it nothing can happen. The Power Connector is provided with the Right Side 20-24 PIN of the mother board. From this, power is supplied in the entire computer and it is also controls how much power should be given to the chip or port.
BIOS Chip & CMOS Battery: Boot Process of Operating System starts by BIOS Chip. It needs extra and continuous power to start the process. Therefore a battery is also attached to it which is called CMOS & BIOS Battery.
There is more use of this battery such as Maintain System Time & Date and reset Boot Master Password.
Processor Socket: Computer Processor (example- Intel i5, i7 etc Processor) is installed in it, it is the brain of the computer, so it is put in the center.
Memory Slot (RAM Slot): Every Computer has different memory Slot. Earlier DDR Slot used to come in old Computer but now DDR3 Slot and DDR4 come which are 2 in Right Side of Motherboard. When you go to get a new motherboard, you should always check which memory slot is installed.
Northbridge & Southbridge: The mother board is devided into two parts. Northbridge and Southbridge, Northbridge Memory, manages PCI Slot and Southbridge Processor, Network Card.
Ports Name: PSP (Mouse & Keyboard), USB Ports, RJ-45 Port for LAN (Ethernet), 9PIN Serial Port, VGA Port, MIDI Port, Audio port.
Type of Motherboard:
Mother boards keep changing with time and design. Right now, many Advance Motherboards started to come, which has many portable things are installed. But earlier it was not like that if you have purchased any CPU motherboard, then you could change something in it.
If you want anything extra or new, you have to get a new motherboard and on this basis the motherboard has been divided into 2 ways.
AT & ATX used to come before AT Mother board 90’s but after 90’s they stopped being used and after that ATX motherboards started coming. Sometimes you may also hear the name of BTX Motherboard, this is also a Type Motherboard.
BTX Motherboards – This is Extended Balanced Technology.  The first company to use BTX was GATEWAY later DELL and APPLE
Pico BTX Main Boards– Pico BTX System boards are very small in size and use the BTX form factor. They are very small in size and are therefore called Pico BTX.
How to choose the right motherboard for computer:
There is a fix in the laptop that you will get these things, but for Desktop Computer, you can select the motherboard according to yourself, like how many ports do you want, RAM Slot, PCI, Expansion Slot.
There are some basic tips for this, from which you can choose the right motherboard.
Before buying a computer, deside why you are buying the computer and what features you will need in it.
Classification on the Basis of Type of Processor:-

A computer motherboard can be classified based on the use of the processor. Or motherboards that are compatible with some CPUs or processors. They are classified using their different types of socket that they use. For example, processor socket compatible with socket A type is not compatible with T system board.
So you should identify which type of processor socket is in your system board, this is a very important aspect when you are going to upgrade your system configuration or upgrade your CPU or replace your processor with the appropriate processor that your motherboard Now in this tutorial, we will discuss some common types of sockets, which are available on the motherboard, if you If you find it necessary to upgrade, you will not find any difficulty in doing so. 
Socket A:- Socket A motherboard is also referred to as a socket 464 motherboard.
They are compatible with AMD processors The CPU socket has 462 pins and has PGA (Pin Grid Array). They support or are compatible with Intel Intel PIII, Celeron and Cyrix processors.
Socket 378:- These types of MOTHERBOARDS are commonly called Socket N motherboards. They support Intel P4, Intel Pentium M and Intel Pentium 4EE processors with 478 pin PGA (Pin Grid Array) type / P
Socket T:- Socket T motherboard also called LGA 775 supports this type of processor or Intel core 2 duo, intel dual core, intel core 2 quad, Celeron, P4, Pentium D and Celeron D Compatible with processor type. This types of processors have 775 pins using PGA (Pin Grid Array).
Socket 939:- This socket has 939 pins and is specifically designed for AMD processors. This processor comes with PGA (Pin Grid Array), and supports processors like AMD ATHLON 64, ATHLON 64 and various AMD processors.
Socket AM3:- This is the type of motherboard that is very famous nowadays, which has 941 pins PGA and supports AMD Phenom !! And AMD Athlon II processors
Socket H or LGA 1156:- These are advanced levels of the system board that supports the CPU’s features like Intel Core i3, Intel Core i5 and Intel Core i7.
I hope you learned something from this post. If yes then please share this with your friends and if I missed something or you think some info is wrong please let me know in the comment box. 

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